手足口病

手足口病是由腸病毒感染而引起的疾病。病發初期,患者會連續發燒四至五日,也有患者不發燒,手、腳及臀部會出現水泡和無痛的紅疹,而口腔內及舌頭旁會疼痛,什至潰爛,引致吞嚥困難,因而食慾大減,而水泡和紅疹通常在七至十日內消退。

預防手足口病由保持個人衛生做起,吃飯前,如廁後及處理完嬰孩的尿片後要徹底洗手;咳嗽或打噴嚏應掩蓋口鼻;小朋友的玩具要經常清潔乾淨,而患手足口病的兒童要避免和家人共用餐具食具。因手足口病而引發的併發症可以很嚴重,但不常見,包括腦炎、無菌性腦膜炎、心肌炎及急性肢體無力。如果孩子持續高燒、嘔吐、疲倦及昏睡、腹脹、手腳無力或吸呼吸急促等,應立即看醫生。

copyright copyright-symbol 2018 Dr. Jen Lung Sun. All rights reserved.

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